An art period is a phase in the development of the work of an artist, groups of artists or art movement.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_periods

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Renaissance

Renaissance c. 1300 – c. 1602, began in Florence

Italian Renaissance – late 13th century – c. 1600 – late 15th century – late 16th century
Renaissance Classicism
Early Netherlandish painting – 1400 – 1500

Renaissance to Neoclassicism

Mannerism and Late Renaissance – 1520 – 1600, began in central Italy
Baroque – 1600 – 1730, began in Rome

Dutch Golden Age painting – 1585 – 1702
Flemish Baroque painting – 1585 – 1700
Rococo – 1720 – 1780, began in France
Neoclassicism – 1750 – 1830, began in Rome

Romanticism

Romanticism -1790 – 1880

Nazarene movement – c. 1820 – late 1840s
The Ancients – 1820s – 1840s
Purismo – c. 1820 – 1860s
Düsseldorf school – mid-1820s – 1860s
Hudson River school – 1850s – c. 1880
Luminism (American art style) – 1850s – 1870s

Romanticism to Modern Art

Norwich school – 1803 – 1833, England
Biedermeier – 1815 – 1848, Germany
Photography – Since 1826
Realism – 1830 – 1870, began in France
Barbizon school – c. 1830 – 1870, France
Peredvizhniki – 1870, Russia
Hague School – 1870 – 1900, Netherlands
American Barbizon school – United States
Spanish Eclecticism – 1845 – 1890, Spain
Macchiaioli – 1850s, Tuscany, Italy
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood – 1848 – 1854, England

Modern art

Modern art – 1860 – 1945

Note: The countries listed are the country in which the movement or group started. Most modern art movements were international in scope.

Impressionism – 1860 – 1890, France

American Impressionism 1880, United States
Cos Cob Art Colony 1890s, United States
Heidelberg School late 1880s, Australia
Luminism (Impressionism)
Arts and Crafts movement – 1880 – 1910, United Kingdom
Tonalism – 1880 – 1920, United States
Symbolism (arts) – 1880 – 1910, France/Belgium

Russian Symbolism 1884 – c. 1910, Russia
Aesthetic movement 1868 – 1901, United Kingdom
Post-impressionism – 1886 – 1905, France

Les Nabis 1888 – 1900, France
Cloisonnism c. 1885, France
Synthetism late 1880s – early 1890s, France
Neo-impressionism 1886 – 1906, France

Pointillism 1879, France
Divisionism 1880s, France
Art Nouveau – 1890 – 1914, France

Vienna Secession (or Secessionstil) 1897, Austria
Jugendstil Germany, Scandinavia
Modernisme – 1890 to 1910, Spain
Russian avant-garde – 1890 – 1930, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
Art à la Rue 1890s – 1905, Belgium/France
Young Poland 1890 – 1918, Poland
Mir iskusstva 1899, Russia
Hagenbund 1900 – 1930, Austria
Fauvism – 1904 – 1909, France
Expressionism – 1905 – 1930, Germany

Die Brücke 1905 – 1913, Germany
Der Blaue Reiter 1911, Germany
Bloomsbury Group – 1905 – c. 1945, England
Cubism – 1907 – 1914, France

Orphism – 1912, France
Purism – 1918 – 1926
Cubo-Expressionism 1909 – 1921
Ashcan School 1907, United States
Jack of Diamonds (artists) 1909, Russia
Futurism (art) – 1910 – 1930, Italy

Cubo-Futurism 1912 – 1915, Russia
Rayonism 1911, Russia
Synchromism 1912, United States
Universal Flowering 1913, Russia
Vorticism 1914 – 1920, United Kingdom
Biomorphism 1915 – 1940s
Suprematism 1915 – 1925, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
Dada – 1916 – 1930, Switzerland
Proletkult 1917 – 1925, Soviet Union
Productijism after 1917, Russia
De Stijl (Neoplasticism) 1917 – 1931, Holland
Pittura Metafisica 1917, Italy
Arbeitsrat für Kunst 1918 – 1921
Bauhaus – 1919 – 1933, Germany
UNOVIS 1919 – 1922, Russia
Others group of artists 1919, United States
American Expressionism c. 1920 –
Precisionism c. 1920, United States
Surrealism Since 1920s, France

Acéphale France
Lettrism 1942 –
Les Automatistes 1946 – 1951, Quebec, Canada
Devetsil 1920 – 1931
Group of Seven 1920 – 1933, Canada
Harlem renaissance 1920 – 1930s, United States
American scene painting c. 1920 – 1945, United States
New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit) 1920s, Germany
Constructivism (art) 1920s, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union
Art Deco – 1920s – 1930s, France
Grupo Montparnasse 1922, France
Soviet art 1922 – 1986, Soviet Union
Northwest School (art) Hi’s – 1940s, United States
Social realism, 1929, international
Socialist realism – c. 1930 – 1950, Soviet Union/Germany
Abstraction-Création 1931 – 1936, France
Allianz (arts) 1937 – 1950s, Switzerland
Abstract Expressionism – 1940s, Post WWII, United States

Action painting United States
Color field painting
Lyrical Abstraction
COBRA (avant-garde movement) 1946 – 1952, Denmark/Belgium/Holland
Tachisme late-1940s – mid-1950s, France
Abstract Imagists United States
Art informel mid-1940s – 1950s
Outsider art (Art brut) mid-1940s, United Kingdom/United States

Contemporary art

Contemporary art – 1946 – present

Note: there is overlap with what is considered “contemporary art” and “modern art.”

Vienna School of Fantastic Realism – 1946, Austria
Neo-Dada 1950s, international
International Typographic Style 1950s, Switzerland
Soviet Nonconformist Art 1953 – 1986, Soviet Union
Painters Eleven 1954-1960, Canada
Pop Art mid-1950s, United Kingdom/United States
Woodlands School 1958-1962, Canada
Situationism 1957 – early 1970s, Italy
New realism 1960 –
Magic realism 1960s, Germany
Minimalism – 1960 –
Hard-edge painting – early 1960s, United States
Fluxus – early 1960s – late-1970s
Happening – early 1960 –
Video art – early 1960 –
Psychedelic art early 1960s –
Conceptual art – 1960s –
Graffiti 1960s-
Junk art 1960s –
Performance art – 1960s –
Op Art 1964 –
Post-painterly abstraction 1964 –
Lyrical Abstraction mid-1960s –
Process art mid-1960s – 1970s
Arte Povera 1967 –
Art and Language 1968, United Kingdom
Photorealism – Late 1960s – early 1970s
Land art – late-1960s – early 1970s
Post-minimalism late-1960s – 1970s
Postmodern art 1970 – present
Deconstructivism
Metarealism – 1970 -1980, Russia
Installation art – 1970s –
Mail art – 1970s –
Neo-expressionism late 1970s –
Neoism 1979
Figuration Libre early 1980s
Young British Artists 1988 –
Digital art 1990 – present
Toyism 1992 – present
Transgressive art
Massurrealism 1992 –
Stuckism 1999 –
Remodernism 1999 –
Maximalism

See also

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