PHILOSOPHY IS DEAD – new FREE BOOK

https://www.academia.edu/…/_META-PHILOSOPHY_PHILOSOPHY_S_GH…

https://www.academia.edu/…/_META-PHILOSOPHY_PHILOSOPHY_S_GH…

CONTENTS

Preface 2

Types or kinds of Teaching Philosophy 5

Chasing Philosophy’s Ghost – Methods 47

Chasing Philosophy’s Ghost – Theorizing (continued) 96

Subject-matter 162

Where to begin Philosophy 178

Self-imposed Limits 180

Institutionalization and Professionalization 181

Lack of Meta-Cognition 186

Why read philosophy by original, creative thinkers;

Rather than derivative, professional academics 203

Intersubjectivity 212

Appendix 236

PREFACE

I have been working on meta-philosophy for quite some time and was pleasantly surprised to encounter, mid-May 2017, someone who shares this commitment (apart from his many other interests and specializations) for very similar reasons as my own. He is Dr Desh Ray Sirswal from India and one of his numerous websites, blogs, journals, etc is – http://drsirswal.webs.com/

I let him speak for himself. “My objective is to achieve an intellectual detachment from all philosophical systems, and not to solve specific philosophical problems but to become sensitively aware of what it is when we philosophize.” Copyright© Desh Raj Sirswal .

I commence by dealing with the teaching of philosophy, because the contents of what is being taught at under-graduate level is for most people who are slightly informed about the subject what philosophy is about. This usually consists of the history of Ideas of Western Philosophy. Although an increasing number of faculties now broaden the scope to the ‘philosophies’ of Asia, the Far East and the Middle East. This international broadening of what is being included in curricula of or as philosophy is another index that Western Philosophy is in need of subject-matter as its traditional subject-matter have all but died out.

Apart from the History of Philosophical ideas, the subject often is presented in terms of so-called branches, for example metaphysics, ontology, epistemology, ethics, logic, and so on. A number of authors suggest that both ways of teaching the discipline is very selective because of the departments adherence to some form of either ‘analytical’ or ‘continental’ philosophy.

Apart from the traditional lecture-style the teaching of philosophy is dealt with by means of some variation on the Oxbridge ‘tutorial’-style. Tutorials are often acclaimed as being an amazing, to be highly regarded innovation. Some studies and research of it however revealed that is not at all very comprehensive but is restricted to a number of items concerning reasoning, argumentation and critical re-viewing and thinking. This approach forms part of the attempt by contemporary research universities to teach aspects of ‘research’.

This brings us to my next section on methods of doing philosophy. I suggest that the doing of philosophy resembles certain aspects and contexts of some of the steps and stages of doing theorizing. This is the rationale for including the next section on theorizing, its steps, stages and other aspects such as the use of metaphors, imaginary experiments, heuristic devices, etc.

The next section deals with the changing nature of traditional philosophy as it lost most of its subject-matter to other disciplines that have been socio-culturally differentiated. And the search for new philosophical subject-matter such as Experimental Philosophy or XPhi, the involvement of philosophers in inter-disciplinary studies, especially the latest fad of cognitive studies or sciences and of course the fabrication of philosophies of all areas of human behaviour and kinds of socio-cultural activities for example sport, the arts, sciences, cognition, sex, violence, gender, race, religion, etc etc.

I then turn to the question about how, where and why one could perhaps do philosophy against the background of the above. In this investigation I make explicit some of the self-imposed limits of the discourse. Some of these restrictions have been created because of the absolute institutionalization of the discipline as just another subject of universities. This institutionalization of course requires that those involved in the discipline of institutionalized philosophy must be professionals. This absolute requirement lays down the condition that to be a philosopher one must be a professional and an academic. The conditions of institutionalization and professionalization have far reaching consequences for the philosophical discourse, its subject-matter, methods, principles, values, aims, purposes and norms. One of these is the need to publish and to publish often especially in peer-reviewed journals and in their required, institutionalized format.

Because of these institutionalized restrictions of what philosophy is, what it must be like, what it may be like and what it may not be like I explore the lack of self-cognition of academically institutionalized philosophy and the associated absence of critical, meta-cognition and self-awareness of professional philosophers. I question the values of doing that type of philosophy, philosophy-on-demand and because of demand and suggest that it is preferable to engage with the more original, creative-thinking philosophers’ work. All of the above are of course intersubjectively determined and this is why I finally explore the nature and operation of different forms of intersubjectivity, for example of common sense, everyday existence, that of the different sciences, the arts, etc and the roles or functions of these things in the creation or constitution of alternative discourses, their realities, life-worlds or perspectives on ‘the world, reality, and existence’.

This is the phantom, the ghost of the deceased discourse of philosophy that I chased, encountered and describe.

I have been working on meta-philosophy for quite some time and was pleasantly surprised to encounter, mid-May 2017, someone who shares this commitment…
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SEEKING PHILOSOPHY – BY WORDS 2 Questions and Fake Problems

https://www.academia.edu/32901630/SEEKING_PHILOSOPHY_BY_WORDS_2_Questions_and_Fake_Problems
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SEEKING PHILOSOPHY – BY WORDS 2
Questions and Fake Problems

An exploration of  philosophy, its subject-matter (and development of new objects of study and investigation or philosophizing, for example experimental ‘philosophy’, inter-disciplinary work such as in the discourse of cognitive research and philosophy of everything, i e the arts, sport, religion, sex, love, politics, etc), its methods and confines, both internal and external linits, eg cognitive biases, fallacies, -isms, one-dimensionality, uni-levelled, etc. Philosophy – institutionalization, Professionalization, subject-matter, methods, cognitive biases, fallacies

Philosophy – institutionalization, Professionalization, subject-matter, methods, cognitive biases, fallacies

https://www.academia.edu/32901630/SEEKING_PHILOSOPHY_BY_WORDS_2_Questions_and_Fake_Problems

FREE download

SEEKING PHILOSOPHY – BY WORDS 2

Questions and Fake Problems

An exploration of philosophy, its subject-matter (and development of new objects of study and investigation or philosophizing, for example experimental ‘philosophy’, inter-disciplinary work such as in the discourse of cognitive research and philosophy of everything, i e the arts, sport, religion, sex, love, politics, etc), its methods and confines, both internal and external linits, eg cognitive biases, fallacies, -isms, one-dimensionality, uni-levelled, etc. Philosophy – institutionalization, Professionalization, subject-matter, methods, cognitive biases, fallacies

TYPES OF INTERSUBJECTIVITY and Alternative Reality Images

Exploration of INTERSUBJECTIVITY is continued. Different kinds of if are differentiated and signs for its presence and effects are shown. The difference between it, subjectivity and objectivity are explored.
Intersubjectivity is crucial and universal for general everyday discourse in all cultures, sub-cultures, institutions, communities and socio-cultural practices such as religion, sport, etc or the so-called Manifest Image. It is essential for specialized areas, for example religion, sport and disciplines such as the humanities, arts, sciences, philosophy and all institutions.
It is a necessity for both cultural, social, interpersonal as well as intra-personal existence, emotions, attitudes, values and norms. But, it is not limited to human existence, life-worlds, realities and worlds, but also required for animals and all organisms.
Object Oriented Ontology would emphasize that is it not merely something anthropocentric and restricted to human existence and consciousness (and anthropocentric interpretations of and projections on other objects, non-human creatures and all organisms, as well as all objects.. In the case of the latter one would probably replace the notion of intersubjectivity with terms such as energy and other ways of action and interaction for example intra- and inter-atoms.)
In the Appendix is included work related to the above by others such as Sellars, Brandom (and his two images, Manifest and Scientific), Davidson, Dennett, Habermas, Nagel, etc.

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https://www.academia.edu/32407591/PHILOSOPHERSTHINKING_THEORIZING_AND_PHILOSOPHIZING_VOLUME_1_vol1.docx
https://www.academia.edu/32407788/PHILOSOPHERS_Thinking_HEURISTICS_and_PROBLEM-SOLVING_VOLUME_2_Vol2.docx
https://www.academia.edu/32407875/Philosophers_Thinking_THOUGHT_or_Imaginary_EXPERIMENTS_and_METAPHORS_volume_3_
https://www.academia.edu/32408007/Philosophers_Thinking_Experimental_philosophy_and_Qualitative_Tools_Vol_4_
https://www.academia.edu/32408092/PHILOSOPHERS_THINKING_LOGIC_and_ARGUMENTATION_VOLUME_5_

MIND‭ & ‬CONSCIOUSNESS THINKING,‭ ‬SENSATION,‭ ‬UNDERSTANDING,‭ ‬REASON,‭ ‬ARGUMENTATION,‭ ‬EMOTIONS,‭ ‬EXPERIENCE,‭ ‬WISDOM

MIND‭ & ‬CONSCIOUSNESS

THINKING,‭ ‬SENSATION,‭ ‬UNDERSTANDING,‭ ‬REASON,‭ ‬ARGUMENTATION,‭ ‬EMOTIONS,‭ ‬EXPERIENCE,‭ ‬WISDOM

Do not talk about or use the misleading,‭ ‬umbrella-word like mind and consciousness,‭ ‬or mental processes and phenomena.‭ ‬Even Hume realized this and emphasized the need for accurate definitions of those words and processes we wish to investigate.‭ ‬Talk about and investigate specific processes or‭ ‬‘notions and activities‭’‬ like thinking,‭ ‬reasoning,‭ ‬sensing and experience/ing,‭ ‬arguments and argumentation,‭ ‬etc‭ ‬.I intend to explore the notions of thought‭ (‬thinking‭)‬,‭ ‬sensation,‭ ‬feeling,‭ ‬understanding and insight,‭ ‬reason/ing and argumentation,‭ ‬emotion and experience,‭ ‬as features of so-called‭ ‘‬consciousness‭’‬.
Information about these things are collected as data collection,‭ ‬brain dumping or storming or one of the first or preliminary steps or stages of the process/‭ ‬es of theorizing.‭ ‬But each section itself is also a mini theorizing concerning the ideas‭ ‬dealt with in it.The aim of this writing is on the one hand dealing with these notions to show that they are not mental processes or indications of the existence of‭ ‬‘the mind‭’‬,‭ ‬but that they can be located in the brain.‭ ‬On the other hand each section and the entire piece are features of the doing of philosophy as steps or stages in the process/es of theorizing.
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Experimental Philosophy – Male Orgasm

Philosophical study of the FEELING accompanying male ejaculation
(Experimental Philosophy Part 2 Analysis & Conclusions)
Orgasm (la petite mort) – the great equalizer of all classes and races
Part I was‭ ‬merely a short,‭ ‬preliminary study of the FEELING accompanying male ejaculation.‭ ‬The conclusions,‭ ‬studies on orgasm and sexual techniques are here included in Part II

Part I consists of‭ ‬10‭ ‬questions and one unstructured expression and/or personal description by the respondent of the subjective experience of the‭ ‘‬feeling‭’ ‬undergone,‭ ‬experienced or‭ ‘‬felt‭’ ‬during or accompanying male orgasm and ejaculation.‭ ‬Part II deals with the senses,‭ ‬sense organs or how they function as a framework to the senses,‭ ‬emotions,‭ ‬feelings involved in ejaculation and orgasm.

A philosophical framework,‭ ‬the survey results,‭ ‬interpretations and conclusions or rather‭ ‘‬suggestions‭’ ‬and insights are now included.

ABSTRACT
https://www.academia.edu/32163851/Philosophical_study_of_the_FEELING_accompanying_male_ejaculation_Experimental_Philosophy_Part_1_SURVEY_
This is merely a short, preliminary study of the FEELING accompanying male ejaculation.
It consists of 10 questions and one unstructured expression and/or personal description by the respondent of the subjective experience of the ‘feeling’ undergone, experienced or ‘felt’ during or accompanying male orgasm and ejaculation

 

male ejaculation